Apply the parking brake
Once stopped, always use the parking brake when preparing to displace a set tire. This may minimize the likelihood of your automobile rolling.
Apply Wheel wedges
Wheel wedges go before or behind the tires to help expand ensure the vehicle doesn’t roll while you fix the flat tire. If you’re changing a rear tire, place these before leading tires. If your flat tire is at the front, put the wheel wedges behind the rear tires.
Bricks or large stones will work just as well as “real” wheel wedges. Just be sure they’re large enough to stop the automobile from rolling.
Remove the Hubcap or Wheel cover
If your automobile includes a hubcap since the lug nuts, it’s easier to remove the hubcap before lifting the vehicle with the jack. If your lug nuts are exposed, you can skip ahead to Step 6.
Utilize the flat end of one’s lug wrench to remove the hubcap. This may benefit most vehicles, however many hubcaps desire a different tool to come off. Consult your owner’s manual for proper hubcap or wheel cover removal procedures.
Loosen the Lug nuts
Utilizing the lug wrench, turn the lug nuts counterclockwise and soon you break their resistance. You could have to utilize force, and that’s ok. Use your foot or your entire body weight if necessary.
Loosen the lug nuts about ¼ to ½ of a turn, but don’t remove them completely yet. Save that for when it’s time to remove your tire/wheel from the vehicle.
Place the Jack under the vehicle
The right place for the jack is usually beneath the vehicle frame alongside the tire that’s flat. Many vehicle frames have molded plastic on the underside with a cleared section of exposed metal designed for the jack. To safely lift and avoid harm to the vehicle, follow the instructions for jack placement in your automobile owner’s manual.
Raise the vehicle with the Jack
To prevent the jack from settling under the weight of your automobile and coming off balance, place a small cut of 2×6” wood beneath it before attempting to improve your vehicle. This tactic is particularly helpful on asphalt.
With the jack properly positioned, enhance the vehicle until the flat tire is about six inches above the ground.
Never put any part of your body under the vehicle during or after raising the vehicle with the jack.
Unscrew the Lug nuts
Now it’s time to take away the lug nuts all of the way. Since you’ve already loosened them, you need to be in a position to unscrew them mostly by hand.
Remove the flat Tire
Gripping the tire by the treads, pull it gently toward you until it’s completely free of the hub behind it. Set it on its side so that it doesn’t roll away.
Mount the spare Tire on the Lug bolts
Now place the spare on the hub by lining up the rim with the lug bolts. Push gently until the lug bolts show through the rim.
Tighten the Lug nuts by hand
Put the lug nuts back on the lug bolts and tighten them entirely by hand. Once they are all on, check every one again, tightening as much as possible. You will tighten them with the wrench after lowering the vehicle to the ground.
Lower the vehicle and tighten the Lug nuts again
Utilize the jack to reduce the vehicle so that the spare tire is resting on the floor but the entire weight of the vehicle isn’t fully on the tire. Now, you need to tighten the lug nuts with the wrench, turning clockwise, as much as you can. Push down on the lug wrench with the entire weight of one’s body.
Lower the vehicle completely
Bring the vehicle all the best way to the bottom and take away the jack. Give the lug nuts another pull with the wrench to ensure they’re as tight as possible.
Replace the Hubcap
If the hubcap you took from the flat tire will fit your spare, put it set up the exact same way you removed it initially. When it doesn’t fit, stow it away with the tire when you stow your equipment.
Stow all equipments
You’ve before you a jack, a haul wrench, wheel wedges, your flat tire, and possibly a hubcap. Don’t forget to put them all in your automobile before driving away.
Check the pressure in the spare Tire
You ought to check the tire pressure of the spare tire to ensure that it’s safe to operate a vehicle on. “T-Type” temporary spares, also referred to as “mini-spares,” require 60 psi (420 kPa). If the tire needs pressure, drive (slowly) to a service station immediately.